How serious is alcoholism?
Drinking alcohol affects the body and brain in many ways. Especially when someone takes larger quantities of alcoholic drinks, frequently and for a long period of time it can lead to physical and mental changes. Explore our infographic to learn about the adverse effects of prolonged alcohol consumption.
Adverse effects of alcohol in the brain
Not only does drinking affect the brain’s chemistry and function, but it also affects a range of functions controlled by the brain, such as:
- mood changes
- reaction times
These changes affect a person’s behavior, relationships, personal and professional life. Addiction is a psychological condition, where a person compulsively seeks alcohol, drinks a lot out of habit or cannot function without alcohol.
Bodily effects from alcohol
Organs known to be damaged by long-term alcohol misuse, besides the brain and nervous system, include the heart, liver, pancreas, and cardiovascular system. Heavy drinking increases the blood pressure and cholesterol levels, contributing to an increased risk of heart attack and stroke. People who drink heavily for a long time can develop diseases such as liver inflammation called alcoholic hepatitis or severe liver scarring or cirrhosis. Also, alcohol-related liver disease can cause death. Long term alcohol misuse can also impair your immune system, making it harder for your organism to fight diseases and infections. Some severe adverse health risks associated with long-term alcohol dependence, include:
- bowel cancer
- breast cancer
- liver cancer
- liver disease
- mouth cancer
- throat cancer
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Adverse alcohol effects questions
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