Yes, promethazine affects the central nervous system and can get you high. But when combined with codeine, promethazine hydrochloride can lead to psychological and physical dependence. More on promethazine use and addiction characteristics here.
Experts are not sure. But alcoholism is generally a genetic factor, and may be more so among Native American people. We review here.
No, you cannot get addicted to ibuprofen. But some drugs that are combined with ibuprofen such as oxycodone, hydrocodone, and pseudoephedrine can be addictive. Learn more about ibuprofen combination medications here.
No, you can't get high on ibuprofen. But some drugs that are combined with ibuprofen formulas can have euphoric effect. We review the most common prescription drug formulas which combine ibuprofen with other drugs here.
How is addiction a spiritual disease? And what's the cure? A basic primer on spirituality here.
The two proven treatments for OxyContin addiction are long term residential treatment and medication assisted opioid treatment. Learn more about OxyContin addiction therapies here.
Tramadol withdrawal includes typical withdrawal symptoms such as runny nose and muscles aches. But in 1 of 8 cases, symptoms are atypical. Who's at risk of these symptoms which affect the central nervous system? And what can you expect during Tramadol withdrawal? More here.
Yes, OxyContin is about as addictive as morphine. But what's in OxyContin and when do Oxy's become really addictive? Are you at risk of OxyContin addiction? Learn more here.
Physical dependence = tolerance to a chemical + withdrawal when you lower dosage or quit. Addiction = compulsive substance use despite negative consequences. More on dependence vs addiction here.
We outline why fighting illegal drug supply in Africa is so challenging. Dr. Peter Ndege gives his insight on illegal drugs and drug trafficking in Africa here.
Not always. Gambling can ruin the lives of compulsive, addicted gamblers. More on the distinction between problem gambling and gambling for fun here.