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Marijuana

What is marijuana?

Marijuana is a preparation made from parts of the cannabis plant (Cannabis sativa)  which often appears as dry crumbly mixture of leaves, flowers, seeds and stems. Each part of the cannabis plant has different concentrations of THC, and the flowers have the highest concentrations followed by the leaves. Therefore, most marijuana preparations are made from flowers and leaves.

THC or tetrahydrocannabinol is the principal psychoactive constituent of marijuana. THC has a chemical formula C21H30O2 and is the psychoactive element which triggers euphoria in users. Still, marijuana is just one of many psychoactive products made from the cannabis plant. Other psychoactive preparations made from cannabis include kief (trichomes from the flower), hashish (concentrated resin from the flowering buds), hash oil (highly concentrated oil from the plant) and edibles, which are food and drink prepared with added cannabis extracts or actual marijuana.

Why do people use marijuana?

Several factors may trigger marijuana use. These include medical or therapeutic use, euphoric effect, or as a coping mechanism for psychological/emotional issues.

In fact, marijuana can subjectively help people relieve the stress, anxiety, fear, pain or anger related to personal, psychological or family issues. And, because popular culture increasingly endorses marijuana use with a low perception of harm, some people use marijuana to relax.

Further, people may use marijuana recreationally to feel altered senses and perception of time, place and present situation. Therapeutic uses of marijuana include treatments for:

  • as an adjunct cancer therapy
  • diseases affecting the nerves or nerve cells
  • glaucoma
  • migraines
  • movement disorders
  • pain caused by structural, muscular, or psycho-physiological disorders
  • to address symptoms of AIDS
  • to treat malnutrition (an appetite stimulant)

Marijuana effects

Marijuana mainly targets the nervous system. Our brain, made of nerve cells, include areas called cannabinoid receptors, which are places at which THC can attach and cause effects. However, these cannabinoid receptors are located in areas of the brain involved with memory, concentration, perception and movement. Therefore, marijuana use often cause changes to these cognitive functions. Marijuana can affect:

  • concentration
  • memory
  • movement
  • perception

In low to moderate doses, marijuana can cause the following effects:

  • a sense of relaxation
  • an altered sense of time, sound and space and sight
  • bloodshot eyes
  • dryness of the mouth
  • lowered attention
  • lowered inhibition
  • nausea
  • sleepiness

High doses of marijuana can cause hallucinations, delusions and disorientation, and/or impaired memory. Regular marijuana users report hunger and increased appetite for food, altered ‘magical’ or ‘random’ sense of thinking, inability to concentrate, paranoia, anxiety, or depression.

Is marijuana addictive?

Absolutely. The marijuana abuse potential is great, since it is a psychoactive drug. Users can become addicted to marijuana, and develop both physical and psychological marijuana dependence. If you use marijuana, you may be addicted to it if you use it daily, experience cravings for marijuana, or if you are having drug-related problems that affect your school, work, or home life.

For more on marijuana, see:

Marijuana

6 Proven Facts and Helpful FAQs on How to Do Marijuana Detoxification

6 Proven Facts and Helpful FAQs on How to Do Marijuana Detoxification

May 28th, 2017

Considering a detox from THC? 6 TIPS for detoxing from marijuana. Plus, answers to some of the most commonly asked questions about quitting weed. Get prepared for a drug-free body here.

1 How Marijuana Legalization Will Affect Substance Use Treatment: A Counselor’s Opinion

How Marijuana Legalization Will Affect Substance Use Treatment: A Counselor’s Opinion

March 25th, 2017

The legalization of marijuana makes many addiction treatment professionals uneasy. Here, we get an insider’s look into how recent changes in policy can/will impact the addiction industry as a whole. A timely and important commentary here.

Who uses weed? The face of marijuana addiction (INFOGRAPHIC)

Who uses weed? The face of marijuana addiction (INFOGRAPHIC)

March 1st, 2017

Marijuana is the most commonly used illicit drug. Over 94 million people in the U.S. have admitted using it at least once. To learn more statistics about who uses marijuana (cannabis), explore this infographic.

Marijuana Hotline

Marijuana Hotline

February 16th, 2017

An estimated 60+% of current marijuana users are addicts. If you know someone who’s struggling, a marijuana addiction helplines can help! Learn how to find support, treatment, and sobriety here.

Weed rehab treatment: Who seeks help for marijuana addiction? (INFOGRAPHIC)

Weed rehab treatment: Who seeks help for marijuana addiction? (INFOGRAPHIC)

January 4th, 2017

Research shows that almost 9% of users become addicted to marijuana. So who needs help to address problems with marijuana use? Learn more in this infographic.

4 Long term effects of smoking marijuana on sex and pregnancy (INFOGRAPHIC)

Long term effects of smoking marijuana on sex and pregnancy (INFOGRAPHIC)

August 19th, 2016

Can marijuana cause fertility problems? Find our how smoking weed is related to sexuality, conception, and pregnancy here. An INFOGRAPHIC to like, share, or use in your school or office.

3 Talking to your college-aged children about alcohol and marijuana

Talking to your college-aged children about alcohol and marijuana

August 1st, 2016

Alcohol and marijuana use is prevalent among college students. How can you address it from home and before your child goes off to college? More here.

How much does marijuana rehab cost?

How much does marijuana rehab cost?

June 4th, 2016

Rehab can cost from about $150 to $700+ per day, depending on setting and services. More on the real costs of rehab here …and how to get creative with your budget!

Rehab for marijuana

Rehab for marijuana

May 26th, 2016

More on what to expect during marijuana rehab here.

5 Long term effects of marijuana addiction (INFOGRAPHIC)

Long term effects of marijuana addiction (INFOGRAPHIC)

February 9th, 2016

An INFOGRAPHIC on how marijuana addiction starts in the brain. How addictive is weed? And what are its basic effects? LIKE, SHARE, or COMMENT here.

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Leave a Reply

2 Responses to “Marijuana
Tokey
5:22 am December 14th, 2016

Please help me as I am forgetting that I am a dad and my kids are young and they need me to sober up and be responsible for them.

Lydia @ Addiction Blog
2:09 pm December 19th, 2016

Hi Tokey. I suggest that you call the helpline you see on the website to get in touch with a trusted treatment consultant.

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