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Long term effects of morphine on the body (INFOGRAPHIC)

Long term effects of morphine on the body (INFOGRAPHIC)

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Long term effects of morphine on the body

Using morphine can cause both reversible and permanent changes to the body. In fact, morphine affects almost all systems and organs in the human body, and excessive or prolonged use can bring dangerous consequences. However, the greatest risk of using morphine is death resulting from the gradual shutdown of the respiratory system.

What are some of the benign or even the more serious effects of morphine on the body? We explore here. Then, we invite your questions or comments in the section at the end.

Primary effects of morphine on the body

  • abnormal thoughts
  • alterations in personality
  • analgesia (inability to feel pain)
  • constipation
  • cramping
  • dehydration
  • delirium
  • disconnectedness
  • disturbed sleeping
  • drowsiness
  • headaches
  • nausea
  • possibility of seizures
  • reduced gastrointestinal motility
  • sedation
  • severe depression
  • slowed reaction time
  • trouble walking
  • vomiting

How morphine damages the cardiovascular system

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  • chest pain
  • collapsed veins
  • hypotension
  • low blood pressure
  • vasodilation

How morphine damages the heart

  • depressed heart rate
  • endocarditis (inflammation of the inner lining of the heart)
  • fast, pounding, or irregular heartbeat or pulse

How morphine damages the mouth

  • dry mouth
  • swelling of lips and tongue

How morphine damages the kidneys

  • difficulties passing urine
  • painful urination
  • renal damage

How morphine damages the lungs

  • respiratory acidosis
  • respiratory depression
  • shallow breathing

How morphine damages the skin

  • flushing of face and neck due to dilatation of subcutaneous blood vessels
  • itching
  • rashes

How morphine damages the liver

  • hepatic damage
  • hepatitis
  • increases in hepatic enzymes

How morphine damages the ear, nose and throat

  • pounding in the ears
  • trouble swallowing

How morphine damages the eyes

  • change in the ability to see colors, especially blue or yellow
  • pupils fixed and constricted
  • red eyes
  • swelling of the eyelids or around the eyes
  • vision problems

Body dependence and tolerance to morphine

Finally, it is important to note that using morphine for longer than a week or two can lead to dependence. When you become dependent on morphine, you experience withdrawal symptoms when you lower or cease dosing. With use over time, morphine also causes tolerance…meaning that more of the drug is needed in order to be effective.

Questions about morphine’s effects on the body

If you still have questions about changes and consequences that long-term morphine abuse can have on your body, please ask them now. We try to respond to all questions with a personal and prompt reply.

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26 Responses to “Long term effects of morphine on the body (INFOGRAPHIC)
Anniee
8:47 am August 6th, 2015

Hi. I have been in an accident three years ago and have been using morphine injection since I am also on trablin and travel for the pain. I am beginning to get worried about the long term effect it will have to my body. I want to get better but the doctor doesn’t seem to know what else to do beside give to me morphine injections to ease the pain. Can you help me in some way. Thank you..

3:32 pm August 6th, 2015

Hello Anniee. In some cases of strong and chronic pain, using medicines for pain relief is the only thing that can help to have as normal as possible life. If there is no other solution your doctor sees to help manage your pain, it’s enough that you are not abusing the medication, but use it as prescribed. Still, it’s better to live and function without the chronic pain. You will still be able to have a productive life.

Diane
3:41 am September 24th, 2015

A few weeks ago my husband, was suffering kidney stones, and I took him to an er, they gave him a shot i-v of dalodid, and I had to take him back once more for the same pain, and they gave him another shot, to my request of please don’t give him anything else like that, the nurse said this is moraphene, and just shot it through his iv, my husband keep complaing of head aches, and fatigue. How can I help get this awful stop out of his body.

Debbie
7:29 pm October 1st, 2015

I have been on 180 mg of MS Contin. (Morphine for 25 years. . Some days I only need 60,I hardly ever take 180. I’m taking it for a severed ulnar nerve. I’m now going to have a neurostimulator put in. I’m worried about getting off the Morphine. I don’t want withdrawals. Would it be painless to slowly cut back now while I’m waiting for the stimulator. I hate to ask what this long term use has done to my body even though I don’t exhibit any signs of damage listed except depression. What am I in for? How slowly can I taper painlessly. Thank you

tiri
11:05 pm October 8th, 2015

i have been treated’for liver cancer so ,my doctor gave me morphine when i complained of bek pains ,now am being treated at home using herbs and stil use morphine for my strong’back’pain. How best can i stop using it?

2:10 pm October 9th, 2015

Hi Diane. It will be out of his system in no time and the effects will diminish shortly. If he is experiencing any other unusual side effect, you can take him to the hospital again. Hope he is feeling a lot better by now.

4:53 pm October 9th, 2015

Hi Debbie. Completely symptom-free withdrawal is something nobody can promise. Even if you do a slow and gradual taper, although significantly lower in intensity, withdrawal symptoms will still be present. Talk to your doctor about what’s the best tapering schedule for you, and abut what over-the-counter medications will be able to treat or manage some of the withdrawal effects as they occur.

2:25 pm November 4th, 2015

Hello Tiri. It is possible to withdraw from morphine at home, particularly if you have the support and help of close friends and family. However it could be difficult because the withdrawal symptoms can be quite troublesome – severe flu like symptoms, sweating, chills, tremors, anxiety, depression, loose stools, vomiting, stomach cramps, various aches and pains. Some of the worst symptoms may be experienced about 2 – 4 days after stopping the drug, while symptoms tend to peak about 72 hours into detox. That is why it is recommended to taper the dosage over the course of 10 days in order to help ease the withdrawal process.

Jandro
8:10 am December 18th, 2015

Hello. I been using expired Morphine sulfate 30mg that I kept from a lower back injury a year and a half back. I have exercised, streched and tried all sorts of different alternatives to releave pain and deal with life. I currently have relocated to a different state, no job or insurance and reinjured my back. I have been taking my old perscription. 60mg in the morning and 30-60mg in later afternoon ( as needed ). It has been close to a month of useage now but I am getting sick of not doing anything active due to being in pain, so I have weened myself down to only 30mg in the morning for close to a week now. I want to get a job and rejoin sosiety. My question is, I no longer have my paper work for the perscription and the rx bottle has faded out. How do I finish the detox so I can pass a drug screen? Tomorrow morning will be the last time I take 30mg, then I want to stop.
I am 39, 5’10” and am pretty healthy. I walk alot and usually have a laborous job. I have been drinking half gallon . Of water, juice, tea, vitamin b3 and c. Diet consists of lean white meats, salad, fruit, little to no carbs.
Do apologise for the lengthy read but I really want to get on with my life.

Thank You

Lydia @ Addiction Blog
9:07 pm December 21st, 2015

Thanks for sharing, Jandro. Detoxing may last from several days to weeks. I believe you’re on the right track. Good luck!

Dianne
6:30 pm January 30th, 2016

I have a morphine pump due to degenerative spine disease. My doctor has told me that the amount of morphine I am receiving is about 1/10th of what I was taking orally when the oral medication stopped working. What are the long term effects of morphine taken this way and what can I expect down the road in five or ten years.

Lydia @ Addiction Blog
5:41 pm February 3rd, 2016

Hi, Dianne. Each drug affects each person differently, so the long-term effects of morphine can vary from person to person. Here’s more information on the topic: http://addictionblog.org/tag/morphine-side-effects/

shirley
4:12 am February 6th, 2016

A 78 year old friend of mine with cancer,has been on morphine for pain management for the last 6 months ,,she also has dementia,,,,what effects do morphine have on both,,thanks

Leslie
5:23 am March 1st, 2016

I recently found out my best friend is on morphine for his back pain however he has really bad copd and he is frequently having horrible breathing problems question or comment is who and what kind of doctor puts someone with super bad lung issues on morphine and why Re they still practicing medicine ? He’s an alcoholic that hasn’t taken a drink for over 30 years and now he’s just sadly a full fledge morphine addict because of the doctors !!!! He needs help or he will die

Nikki
6:27 am April 7th, 2016

Hi iv been on left on morphine for over a year now after my old sergeon left me in a mess and iv now got a new sergeon willing to correct the the mess he left me in op is in 4 weeks I am on 80mg oxycodone a day and using 3 bottles of oxynorm a week as well as other meds nearve blockers ect : my gums have shrank and iv had 7 teeth removed and a pallet made iv lost 40% lower jaw bone 30% upper jaw bone am picking up infection after infection i.e. Liver, kidney, pancreites I am only 33 am now worried what else is happening inside when I take my liquid morphine now it burns or uncomfortable as I swallow on the way down there is blood in my stools not from constipation and I had a scan last week they could not find the top of my spleen could someone please give me an honest answer thank you for your time

James
11:46 pm April 8th, 2016

What test should my chronic pain Doctor be giving me and how often . I have been on pain meds of different types for 20 years. I was born with tethered cord. My pain management Doctor is a Anastasiologist not a internal Doctor, which is best for long term care?.

kenneth
11:40 am May 4th, 2016

i have been using morphine for 21 years for pain 100 mg slow release .was taking 200 cut back ,like to get of it all to gether how to do it.

Lydia @ Addiction Blog
6:33 pm May 11th, 2016

Hi Kenneth. I’d advice you to consult with your doctor or a pharmacist to help you create an individualized tapering schedule.

Richard
3:38 am June 20th, 2016

I want to know if it was even legal for a dr to instantly stop my meds because I wouldn’t quit smoking cigarettes. My old dr had me up to 5/ 80mg Kadian a day plus 6/ #10 percocet. He retired and another Dr took his place. He hated Smokers and told me if I didn’t quit he would stop my meds. I told him I am a 50 year old man and I want to quit more than anything but Now that you told me i have to I won’t. 2 days later I would have cut off my arm for morphine. I cold turkeyed off that with no help from him at all. Worst week of my life.

jeffery
4:30 am July 11th, 2016

I have been on ms cotin as dr order due to several sever lower back and neck surgeries. I have had oral due to a moler causing server pain, prior to that my upper & lower jaws have been in magor pain. One of my neighbors told me she had to have all teeth pulled due to use of ms cotin longe term. thanks jeffery

Kimberly
5:13 am July 20th, 2016

I have been using oral morphine sulfate 200 mg a day for well over ten years, n have experienced just about every side effects and my physical body is in worse shape it’s ever been, I am going to seek professional help to get off morphine once and for all but I have a question, when I first started the morphine I was able to walk a few miles actually now ten years later I can barley walk the length of my house I have very little quality of life, the pain in my legs is so extreme if I’m on them to long and don’t have a place to sit down I will actually collapse is terrifying n so painful I fear I will have to resort to a wheel chair soon I get awful Charlie horses in my calves n severe muscle burning as if I just climbed the empire state building, could this some how be due to long term morphine use thank you for reading

Frank
1:34 am August 23rd, 2016

Yeah I have been on morphine for approximately eight years I have been taking 60 mg tablets three times a day and I feel as though now I’m starting to get some serious side effects from this medicationI guess my question is can you tell me what medication I could take in place of this without the side effects thank you

patrick
5:20 pm August 28th, 2016

I have been takeing MS contin600mg-800mg for 30yrs along with Valium, Xanax, and Oxycodone instant release everyday I was curious if you have any information on its effects after this many yrs I have been on these meds since a Helio Cash in the Army and the VA just keeps telling me it wil be ok but I have learned they will tell you about anything any information would be greatly appreciated!

Fred
9:22 pm September 23rd, 2016

I have been using morphine for about 3 yrs. 10mg/5ml strength. I am only using it at night, about a tot glass full. Will it have long term effects on my already compromised health. I have absolute Protein S deficiency.

NCBS
7:51 pm October 28th, 2016

I have not had any difficulties with psychological addiction to Morphine Sulfate ER 60 mg 3 times a day .. I’ve been prescribed MS Contin 15mg, 30 mg then 60 mg from 1988-2011 in 2014- changed to OxyConyin CR 60 mg twice a day 9/2014. I’ve also been in Morphine IR now 30 mg 3 times a day.. each year I take medication breaks from 4-7 weeks to a.) evaluate where I really am pain wise and find out if meds are masking anything new b.) to check where I am psychologically after stopping meds. I used to just stop taking them now I do at least a week of tapering because the physical eithdrawal is so hard on my body.
Reading in this article tiger it should not be used more than 12 years is scary to me. It makes me wonder if it is causing the thin / easily torn and bruised skin that I should not have at 47. It concerns me that my pain management Dr. Isn’t open to changing the medications .. I know without it I would not be moving today .. but I’m really concerned now about the negative long-term consequences on my other systems .

fred
6:19 pm November 22nd, 2016

I have been using morpine for over 2 yrs, taking 40ml per day….would this dosage have a negative effect on my body overall…
Thank you

Regards

Fred

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