Long term effects of Adderall addiction (INFOGRAPHIC)
Long term effects of Adderall addiction
Adderall addiction = the uncontrollable urge to use Adderall, despite negative consequences to work, finance, or social life. What are the details of Adderall addiction? Have a look and learn more here!
Addiction = Even though there is no current pharmacological treatment approach to Adderall addiction, behavioral and psychological therapies are successful sources of help.
The mechanism of Adderall action
1. Adderall crosses the blood-brain barrier.
2. Adderall affects nerves in the:
- nucleus accumbens
- prefrontal cortex
- ventral tegmental area (vta)
3. Adderall causes nerve cells to release excessive amounts of dopamine.
4. Adderall blocks the reuptake of norepinephrine and dopamine into the presynaptic neuron.
These chemical reactions can cause:
How addictive is Adderall?
The addictive potential of Adderall is moderate. Addiction can occur when Adderall is taken without a doctor’s recommendation or is used other than prescribed. Serious increases of dopamine levels may lead to constant feeling of euphoria, which create the need for more doses of Adderall. The pleasure caused by Adderall is not naturally created, so it becomes a daily need and can be transformed into a habit.
Is damage caused by Adderall permanent or reversible?
Permanent damage caused by Adderall:
- Damage to the brain – stroke, damaged nerve cells, coma
- Damage to the heart – heart attack
- Damage to the kidney – acute renal failure
- Damage to the liver – liver damage, viral hepatitis
Possible damage caused by Adderall:
- Damage to the immunity – depressed immune system
- Damage to the mental health – mental health issues
Reversible damage caused by Adderall:
- Damage to the eyes, nose, ears and throat – super sensitivity to light, swelling of the eyes, face, or throat
- Damage to the lungs – respiratory depression
- Damage to the mouth – dry mouth, swelling of tongue
- Damage to the scale – weight loss
- Damage to the skin – rashes, hives, blistering, itching
How Adderall addiction affects you?
- damage to brain nerve cells
- extreme fatigue
- Parkinson`s-like symptoms
- Tourrete`s-like symptoms
- high risk behavior
- inability to focus on divided attention tasks
- inability to follow directions
- poor coordination
- decreased self-esteem
- dysphoria or deep dissatisfaction with life
- preoccupation with one`s own thoughts
- erratic behaviors
- family and relationship break ups
- increased suspiciousness