Saturday October 1st 2016

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Addiction treatment in prison

Special Populations

The population of the country’s prison and correctional facilities has grown considerably over the past few decades. Our country could certainly use less prisoners, and addiction treatment could help remedy this problem.  In fact, some studies estimate that well over half of the current prison population could use addiction treatment.

Here, we review basic types of addiction treatment in prisons.  Then, we invite your questions about prison addiction treatment at the end.  We try to answer all questions personally and promptly.

Prisoners and addiction treatment

Addiction treatment in prison has been shown to reduce recidivism rates and lower the overall cost of criminal justice services. Unfortunately, providing addiction treatment to prisoners is not always easy, due to a number of reasons. Prisons are a different environment to work in, and prisoners are a unique population that requires different kind of treatment approach in their addiction recovery.  However, more and more prisons are starting to offer their inmates addiction treatment services, such as:

  • Addiction education programs
  • Family therapy
  • Group therapy
  • Individual behavior counseling
  • Mental health services
  • Vocational services

Prison drug addiction treatment

Despite the unusual circumstances, prison drug addiction treatment generally consists of the same basic steps as traditional drug addiction treatment. Each prisoner is evaluated and goes through several different types of treatment, including vocational training. After being released, prisoner may also stay in a transitional living facility but need additional support services to help maintain sobriety.

1. Evaluation and assessment

Prisoners may undergo evaluations and assessments before or after they are incarcerated. This assessment is used to determine the extent of their addiction. If plausible, an addiction treatment plan may also be created at this time.

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2. Detoxification

Upon entering prison, prisoners who are addicted to drugs or alcohol may begin to go through withdrawal since they don’t have access to these substances. In this case, prisoners may need to go through supervised detox. Some prisons may also allow medical professionals to administer medications that can ease withdrawal symptoms, but this isn’t always the case.

3.  Addiction treatment

Prison drug addiction treatment methods can vary, depending on the facility. For instance, prisons may offer individual counseling, group therapy, and even family therapy. Most prison drug addiction treatment programs also include drug abuse awareness education and vocational services, if necessary. Some convicted criminals may even be able to forego prison altogether and be placed in an intensive residential addiction treatment facility for several months. Any underlying mental health disorders, such as depression or bipolar disorder, will also usually be treated at this time.

4. Aftercare

Often the most important element of addiction treatment for people staying in prison are the services offered AFTER release. After release, people in recovery are also usually encouraged to participate in an addiction treatment aftercare program, which usually consists of continuing outpatient counseling and group therapy. Some inmates may also be matched with work opportunities or be able to stay in a halfway house, which gives them a safe and sober environment to live as they transition back into society.  Housing and support are some of the most important issues in addiction aftercare treatment for ex-prisoners.  Once the basic needs for work and living are met, ex-prisoners can continue on the path of recovery.

Prison addiction treatment barriers

Convicted criminals typically face a number of barriers and obstacles when they need addiction treatment. One of the biggest barriers is the lack of addiction treatment programs in prisons due to cost issues and security concerns. These prison addiction treatment barriers must be overcome in order to ensure more successful and effective recovery rates for prisoners. Barrier to treatment include:

  • Cost of treatment
  • Denial of substance abuse problems
  • Lack of prison addiction treatment programs
  • Prior failed treatment
  • Security concerns during addiction treatment

Addicted prisoners

Finding help for addicted prisoners is sometimes easier said than done. Remaining drug and alcohol free for the duration of their sentence is not usually enough to facilitate a lifelong recovery. Addicted prisoners face a much better chance when they go participate in an addiction treatment program while incarcerated.

Lawyers are often a great help to prisoners who want to participate in an addiction treatment program while incarcerated. They are typically better at negotiating the terms of a prisoner’s incarceration, and are sometimes able to get prisoners into a treatment program.

Prisoners or their loved ones should also consider contacting local residential addiction treatment facilities, particularly for short-term incarcerations. Some convicted first-time offenders may be able to serve their time in an addiction treatment program rather than in prison. A list of addiction treatment facilities that work with criminal offenders can be found using the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration website.

Prison addiction treatment questions

If you or a loved one is addicted to drugs or alcohol and has been sentenced to prison, there’s a good chance that you have a great deal of questions or concerns. Feel free to leave them in the comments section below, and we’ll get back to you as soon as possible.

Reference Sources: NCBI: 9 Treatment Issues Specific to Prisons
NCJRS: Residential Substance Abuse Treatment for State prisons
SAMHSA: Incarceration vs. Treatment: Drug Courts Help Substance Abusing Offenders
CDC: Substance abuse and treatment for drug users in the criminal justice system
The HILLS Treatment Center: Drug Rehab Programs in Jail and Prison
Federal Bureau of Prisons: Detoxification

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